FCI-Standard N° 355


Bosnian and Herzegovinian – Croatian Shepherd dog

FCI Group 2
Pinschers and Schnauzers
Molossoid breeds – Swiss
Mountain and Cattle Dogs.

Section 2.2
Mountain type.
Without working trial

The Tornjak is a large and powerful dog, well – proportioned and agile. The shape of the body is almost square. The bone is not light, but nevertheless not heavy nor coarse.  He is strong, harmonious and well balanced when standing and moving. His coat is long and thick.

Of steady disposition, friendly, courageous, obedient, intelligent, full of dignity and self-confidence. Fierce in guarding property entrusted to him, cannot be bribed and is suspicious of strangers. Devoted to his master and very calm in his presence. Very affectionate towards persons living in his immediate vicinity. Learns quickly and keeps this in his memory for a long time, gladly performs tasks assigned to him. He is easy to train. 

The almost extinct descendants of genetically homogeneous, native archaic types of shepherd dogs have been the foundation stock for the re-creation of the breed “Tornjak”. The dogs belonging to the original stock had been dispersed in mountain areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and their surrounding valleys. The major historical dates are the years 1067 and 1374. Written documents from these periods mention the Bosnian-HerzegovinianCroatian breed for the first time. The research about their historical and more recent existence and then a systematic salvation from extinction started simultaneously in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina around 1972 and continuous pure blood breeding began in 1978. Nowadays, the breed population consists of numerous, purebred dogs selected during a series of generations dispersed throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.